English Language Arts Performance Standard C Oral Language Grade 12



By the end of grade twelve, students will:

C.12.1 Prepare and deliver formal oral presentations appropriate to specific purposes and audiences.

  • Develop and deliver a speech that conveys information and ideas in logical fashion for a selected audience, using language that clarifies and reinforces meaning
  • Construct and present a coherent argument, summarizing then refuting opposing positions, and citing persuasive evidence
  • Participate effectively in question-and-answer sessions following presentations
  • Summarize narrative and numerical information accurately and logically in presentations
  • Demonstrate confidence and poise during presentations, interacting effectively with the audience, and selecting language and gestures mindful of their effect
  • Demonstrate the ability to debate an issue from either side
  • Interpret literary works orally, citing textual data in support of assertions
  • Synthesize and present results of research projects, accurately summarizing and illustrating the main ideas, using appropriate technological aids, and offering support for the conclusions
  • Speak fluently with varied inflection and effective eye contact, enunciating clearly at an appropriate rate and volume
  • Observe the appropriate etiquette when expressing thanks and receiving praise

C.12.2 Listen to, discuss, and comprehend oral communications.

  • Attend to both literal and connotative meanings
  • Distinguish between relevant and irrelevant information
  • Distinguish fact from opinion, evaluate logic, and identify manipulative techniques
  • Analyze messages for their accuracy and usefulness
  • Evaluate a speaker's use of diction, tone, syntax, rhetorical structure, and conventions of language considering the purpose and context of the communication
  • Relate a speaker's ideas and information to prior knowledge and experience
  • Consider the specific situation and current conditions when responding to instructions

C.12.3 Participate effectively in discussion.

  • Detect and evaluate a speaker's bias
  • Consider the ideas and opinions of other speakers thoughtfully before responding
  • Evaluate the validity and adequacy of ideas, arguments, hypotheses, and evidence
  • Be aware of and try to control counterproductive emotional responses to a speaker or ideas conveyed in a discussion
  • Appraise the purpose of discussions by examining their context and the motivation of participants
  • Perform various roles in a discussion, including leader, participant, and moderator
  • Demonstrate the ability to extend a discussion by adding relevant information or asking pertinent questions
  • Explain and advance opinions by citing evidence and referring to authoritative sources
  • Employ strategies such as summarizing main ideas or identifying areas of agreement to solve problems, resolve conflicts, and conclude discussions
  • Convey criticism in a respectful and supportive way

Content Standard C

For questions about this information, contact Emilie Amundson (608) 267-3726