You are here

Instructional Models for Flexibility

As schools reopen and operate during the 2020-21 school year, the health of all educators, students, and families is of primary concern. Schools will need to consider any local health authority requirements as well as health recommendations to mitigate risk, such as physical distancing. At the same time, planning considerations should be taken into account around equitably serving all students, providing instructional consistency should short-term school closures occur, and making accommodations for students and staff who for health or other reasons may be unable to return to school buildings.

The chart below lists different instructional models that are based on the work of Heather Staker.* The instructional models may be utilized within each learning environment (in-person, physically distanced, virtual) which districts may consider during the 2020-21 school year.

Diagram displaying the following options for in-person learning: enriched virtual, station rotation, individual rotation, flipped classroom, and a la carte.Diagram displaying the following options for physically distanced learning: enriched virtual, station rotation, individual rotation, flipped classroom, and a la carteDiagram displaying the following options for virtual learning: enriched virtual, station rotation, individual rotation, flipped classroom, and a la carte.

Model Diagrams Featured on this page:

Enriched Virtual (4+ Days of Instruction with Teacher)

Enriched Virtual (2+ Days of Instruction with Teacher)

Station Rotation Model

Individual Rotation

Flipped Classroom

À la Carte

Special thanks to the Wisconsin Digital Learning Collaborative (WDLC) and their partnership with Heather Staker to support our Wisconsin schools in blended learning practices.

Heather Staker, “Student-Centered Learning: Austin, TX,” Ready to Blend, accessed June 18, 2020, https://www.readytoblend.com/.

Instructional Models

 

Enriched Virtual Instruction Model (4+ Days of Instruction w/Teacher)

Diagram i illustrating the following: Cohort A: in-person learning with the teacher. Cohort B: virtual learning with the teacher. Subset of Cohort A (students identified due to health risks) engages with teacher virtually.Diagram i illustrating the following: Both cohorts learn virtually. Options include independent work, individualized work with the teacher, small group work, intervention and extension activities. Building undergoes deep cleaning in between cohorts.Diagram i illustrating the following: Corhort B: In-person learning with the teacher. Cohort A: virtual learning with the teacher. Subset of Cohort B (students identified due to health risks) engages with the teacher virtually

In the 4-day Enriched Virtual model, all students learn from the teacher four days per week (two days in-person and two days virtually). Schedules are staggered with students moving in shifts between in-person and virtual attendance using a cohort-based model.

Wednesdays are reserved for deep-cleaning at the school, virtual connectivity with the teacher as needed (independent or small-group work, individualized work with the teacher, intervention and extension activities), teacher planning, or professional development.

Applicability in Different Learning Environments:

  • In-Person Learning (all students in school): May be modified so students complete independent work and Wednesday activities in classrooms, library, computer lab, outside learning spaces, or other areas of the school.
  • Physically Distanced Learning / Hybrid: The model supports physical distancing.
  • Virtual Learning: In-person learning with the teacher may be modified to virtual learning in the event schools temporarily close down.

Enriched Virtual Instruction Model (2+ Days of Instruction)

Diagram displaying the following: Cohort A: in-person learning with the teacher. Cohort B: Independent learning. Subset of cohort A (students identified due to health risks) engages with the teacher virtually.Both cohorts learn virtually. Options include independent work, individualized work with the teacher, small group work, and intervention and extension activities. Building undergoes deep cleaning in between cohorts.Diagram illustrating the following: Cohort B: in-person learning with the teacher. Cohort A: independent learning. Subset of cohort B (students identified as having health risks) engages with the teacher virtually.

In the 2-day Enriched Virtual model, students attend class in-person with a teacher two days per week and learn independently two days per week. Schedules are staggered with students moving in shifts between in-person learning and independent learning using a cohort-based model. Students complete coursework independently at home or outside of school, but attend school for required face-to-face learning sessions with a teacher.

Wednesdays are reserved for deep-cleaning at the school, virtual connectivity with the teacher as needed (independent or small-group work, individualized work with the teacher, and intervention and extension activities), teacher planning, or professional development.

Applicability in Different Learning Environments:

  • In-Person Learning (all students in school): May be modified so students complete independent work and Wednesday activities in class- rooms, library, computer lab, outdoor learning spaces, or other areas of the school.
  • Physically Distanced Learning / Hybrid: The model supports physical distancing.
  • Virtual Learning: In-person learning with the teacher may be modified to virtual learning in the event schools temporarily close down.

Station Rotation Model

The Station Rotation model allows students to rotate through stations on a fixed schedule.

Diagram displaying from upper left to lower right: Small group instruction with teacher, floating teacher/paraprofessional, teacher-led instruction, independent learning, collaborative activities, and intervention/extension with teacher.

Applicability in Different Learning Environments:

  • In-Person Learning (all students in school): Students may complete their independent work in classrooms, library, computer lab, outdoor learning spaces, or other areas of the school.
  • Physically Distanced Learning / Hybrid: This model supports physical distancing.
  • Virtual Learning: In-person learning with the teacher may be modified to virtual learning in the event schools temporarily close down.

Individual Rotation Model

Diagram displaying, from left to right: small group instruction with teacher, floating teacher/paraprofessional, teacher-led instruction, independent learning, collaborative activities, and intervention/extension activities.

The Individual Rotation model allows students, in small-groups or one-by-one, to rotate through stations on individual schedules set by a teacher or software algorithm.

Unlike the Station Rotation Model, students do not necessarily rotate to every station; they rotate only to the activities scheduled.

Applicability in Different Learning Environments:

  • In-Person Learning (all students in school): Students complete independent work in classrooms, library, computer lab, outdoor learning spaces, or other areas of the school.
  • Physically Distanced Learning / Hybrid: This model supports physical distancing.
  • Virtual Learning: In-person learning with the teacher may be modified to virtual learning in the event schools temporarily close down.

Flipped Classroom Model

Diagram showing, from left to right: Teacher-guided practice or projects and independent coursework, content, and lectures.

The Flipped Classroom model flips the traditional relationship between class time and home- work. Students learn independently via online coursework and lectures, and teachers use class time for teacher-guided practice or projects. This model enables teachers to use class time for more than delivering traditional lectures.

Applicability in Different Learning Environments:

  • In-Person Learning (all students in school): Students may complete their independent coursework and lectures in classrooms, library, computer lab, outdoor learning spaces, or other areas of the school.
  • Physically Distanced Learning / Hybrid: This model supports physical distancing.
  • Virtual Learning: Teacher-guided practice or projects may be delivered via virtual learning in the event schools temporarily close down.

À la Carte Model

Diagram displaying, from left to right: school classroom, learning lab, online with teacher, and home

The À La Carte model allows individual students to take one or more courses entirely online with an online teacher of record while continuing to access the regular curriculum.

Applicability in Different Learning Environments:

  • In-Person Learning (all students in school): Students may complete independent coursework and lectures in classrooms, library, computer lab, outdoor learning space, or other areas of the school.
  • Physically Distanced Learning / Hybrid: This model supports physical distancing.
  • Virtual Learning: Individualized or small group work with teacher is already online. Classroom work with teacher and learning lab/small group activities may be moved online.
For questions about this information, contact Tamara Mouw (608) 266-2364