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Summaries of the Titles under the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA)

Title I

Title II

Title III

Title IV

Title V

Title VI

Title VII

Title VIII

Title IX

Title X

Title I -- Improving the Academic Achievement of the Disadvantaged

The stated purpose of Title I is to "ensure that all children have a fair, equal, and significant opportunity to obtain a high-quality education and reach, at a minimum, proficiency on challenging State academic achievement standards and State academic assessments." To that end, Wisconsin has developed a comprehensive set of standards to measure what students need to know and be able to do, and an assessment system to determine to what extent Wisconsin students have met these standards. We will continue to provide Wisconsin students the highest quality education as we implement the requirements of the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001. (More information)

Title II -- Preparing, Training, and Recruiting High Quality Teachers and Principals

Title II consists of: Part A - Teacher and Principal Training and Recruitment; Part B - Mathematics and Science Partnerships; and Part C - Innovation for Teacher Quality. 

Title III -- Language Instruction for Limited English Proficient and Immigrant Students

The purpose of Title III Part A is to help ensure that children and youth who are limited English proficient, Native American and/or immigrants, attain English language proficiency, develop high levels of academic attainment in English, and meet the same challenging State academic standards that all children are expected to meet. (More information)

Title IV -- 21st Century Schools

Title IV includes the Safe and Drug Free Schools and Communities and 21st Century Community Learning Centers Programs. Safe and Drug Free Schools includes local, state, and national programs to: prevent violence in and around schools; prevent illegal use of alcohol, tobacco, and other drugs; involve parents and communities; and coordinate with other resources to foster a safe and drug-free environment that supports academic achievement. 21st Century Community Learning Centers support communities to create or expand before- and after-school opportunities for academic enrichment, particularly for students in low-performing schools. Such Community Learning Centers also offer students a broad array of additional services, programs, and activities to reinforce and complement the regular academic program. Title IV also bans smoking within any indoor facility regularly used for kindergarten, elementary, or secondary education, library services to children, or routine health care or day care or early childhood development services. (More information)

Title V -- Promoting Informed Parental Choice and Innovative Programs

Title V provides for increased public school choice opportunities by amending previous grant programs supportive of the voluntary provisions of school choice. Title V includes education block grants, charter schools, magnet schools, and the fund for the improvement of education, which provides authority for 21 specific program-like activities. There are four parts in Title V: Part A-Innovative Programs, Part B-Public Charter Schools, Part C-Magnet Schools Assistance, and Part D-Fund for the Improvement of Education. (More information)

Title VI --Flexibility and Accountability

Title VI is designed to provide flexibility to assist states in the development of strategies to target Federal funds to Federal programs that most effectively address the unique needs of States and localities. Funds will be provided to enhance state and local assessment systems and to improve the dissemination of information on student achievement and school performance to parents, community and other interested parties. States and local educational agencies will have the flexibility to target Federal funds to Federal programs that most effectively address the unique needs of States and localities. Additionally, there are allocations for certain activities authorized under this act. (More information)

Title VII contains three parts: Indian Education, Native Hawaiian Education, and Alaska Native Education. Parts B and C deal with Native Hawaiian and Alaska Native Education and are not applicable to Wisconsin schools. As part of the federal trust responsibility, Title VII addresses the "unique educational and culturally-related academic needs," including language-related needs, of American Indian students through formula grants to eligible LEAs and tribes from U.S. Department of Education. The act also provides competitive grant opportunities for "Special Programs and Projects to Improve Educational Opportunities for Indian Children," and authorizes other expenditures to serve American Indians, including fellowships, gifted and talented education, and tribal educational planning grants. (More information)Title VII -- Indian, Native Hawaiian, and Alaska Native Education

Title VIII -- Impact Aid

Title VIII describes the provisions and formula for federal assistance for certain local education agencies impacted by federal property acquisition. The purpose is to compensate Wisconsin School Districts for property that cannot be taxed due to federal property status. This includes National Forest Land, Military Reservations, and Native American Tribal Trust Land. Eligible LEA's apply directly to the U.S. Department of Education for funding. The Wisconsin Department of Public Instruction cooperates in the implementation of this federal program and verifies Wisconsin school district data. (More information)

Title IX -- General Provisions

Title IX contains six parts labeled A through F and 38 subparts. Each part relates to general provisions that affect all programs under ESEA. (More information)

Title X -- Repeals, Redesignations, and Amendments to Other Statutes


Part C -- McKinney-Vento Homeless Education Assistance Improvements Act of 2001

Sec. 1032. Education for Homeless Children and Youths.Subtitle B of title VII of the McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act (42 U.S.C. 11431 et seq.) is amended to read as follows: ''Subtitle B -- Education for Homeless Children and Youths" (EHCY) The act sets out educational rights and responsibilities to children and youth who are experiencing homelessness. Each state and local educational agency shall ensure that each child of a homeless individual and each homeless youth have equal access to the same free, appropriate public education, including a public preschool education, provided to other children and youth. Further, homeless children and youth shall have access to the education and other services needed to ensure that they have an opportunity to meet the same challenging state student academic achievement standards to which all students are held. The new act requires DPI to provide leadership and assistance to all school districts in the state as they meet the requirements above. Further, there is a competitive grant program for districts with high need and high quality programs for homeless children and youth. (More information)

For questions about this information, contact Mary Jo Christiansen (608) 266-2158