- How many children are in out-of-home care in Wisconsin?
- Why are children placed in out-of-home care?
- How old are children in out-of-home care?
- Are most children in out-of-home care waiting to be adopted?
- How should schools and child welfare agencies relate?
- Who is responsible for transportation to school for a child in out-of-home care: the school or the child welfare agency?
- 60 percent of children were reunified;
- 16 percent were adopted;
- 12 percent were under a guardianship;
- 7 percent aged out of care;
- 2 percent were living with relatives; and
- 3 percent were in some other living situation.
The following federal laws relate to this collaboration:
Fostering Connections to Success and Increasing Adoptions Act of 2008 (Fostering Connections Act): Child’s permanency plan to court must include “assurances that the placement of the child in foster care takes into account the appropriateness of the current educational setting and the proximity to the school in which the child is enrolled at the time of placement.” This has been codified in Wisconsin statutes at s. 48.38(4)(dm).
Uninterrupted Scholars Act of 2013 (USA): Amended the Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act of 1974 (FERPA) to allow or require the sharing of educational information by child’s school with the child welfare agency which has responsibility for the placement and care of the child. [This has been codified in Wisconsin statutes at ss. 115.298 and 118.125(2)(q)]. See the Confidentiality and Information Sharing Section.
Every Student Succeeds Act of 2015 (ESSA): Amended the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 (ESEA). ESSA emphasizes the need for collaboration between education and child welfare agencies at the state, local, and tribal levels. It requires school districts, in collaboration with child welfare agencies, to determine the best interests of a child and to create clear written procedures related to transportation of a child to his or her school of origin.
Who is responsible for transportation to school for a child in out-of-home care: the school or the child welfare agency?
Schools and child welfare agencies should collaborate regarding arranging transportation to keep students in their schools of origin if it is in their best interest. If this involves a neighboring school district, the two school districts should work together to ensure transportation.