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Discipline FAQs & Use Cases

  1. What to Submit: Only a subset of discipline incident, discipline type, and behavior information should be submitted to DPI:
    1. All expulsions, regardless of duration, should be submitted.
    2. In-school suspensions and interim alternative setting placements (IAES). IAES setting disciplines should be submitted only for IDEA eligible students.  These students must have an active student special education program association (sSEPA) which includes the discipline date (start date of the removal).
    3. Suspensions (in and out of school) and IAES removals should be submitted only when the student is removed for at least half of his or her regular school day.
    • Please note, the reporting requirements of districts are the same regardless of whether the grade in which the student is enrolled is compulsory or non-compulsory (such as K4 and PK). This is true even in cases such as attendance and suspensions.
  2. Who should submit Discipline data?
    • Public school districts
    • Non-district independent Charter schools
    • County Children with Disability Education Boards (CCDEB)
    • State schools (Wisconsin Center for the Blind and Visually Impaired, Wisconsin School for the Deaf)
    • *Note, Discipline data will NOT be submitted by DOC, DHS, or Choice schools.
  3. Discipline Resources:Discipline data submitted to WISEdata will use three resources: Discipline Incident, Student Discipline Incident Association, and Discipline Actions.
    • Discipline Incident: Discipline Incident defines the incident occurrence. This event entity represents an occurrence of an infraction ranging from a minor behavioral problem that disrupts the orderly functioning of a school or classroom to a criminal act that results in the involvement of a law enforcement official, such as robbery. A single event (e.g., a fight) is one incident regardless of how many perpetrators or victims are involved. Discipline incidents are events classified as warranting discipline action.
    • Student Discipline Incident Association: Student Discipline Incident Association connects a student who was a perpetrator to a discipline incident and gathers information about the behavior(s) resulting in discipline.
    • Discipline Actions: Discipline Actions represent actions taken by an educational organization after a disruptive event is recorded as a discipline incident and define the way the student was removed, e.g., out-of-school suspension, as well as many details of the removal.
  4. When can I enter and submit Discipline data? DPI opened the Discipline API collection in May 2017. Discipline validation rules and metrics will alert you to potential issues with your data.
  5. Discipline Collection Snapshot: As with other data collections in WISEdata, DPI will hold an annual public school snapshot to capture Discipline data as of a given date. Check the WISEdata Events Calendar for snapshot dates.
  6. How will Discipline submission differ with WISEdata? Under WISEdata, you may notice some differences in terminology and names of fields for submitting discipline information, i.e., ‘Action’ is the Ed-Fi term, while ISES used ‘Removal’. Multiple students within a single school may be associated to a single incident. The student incident association allows you to report the information specific to each student.
  7. How will Discipline data display once I send it? Discipline data will flow to WISEdata the way other reported information is pushed from the school’s SIS through to WISEdata. Discipline data will be subject to validation rules just like other information submitted to WISEdata. If the application encounters incorrect or questionable data, it will return validation errors and warnings, respectively. You will need to correct inaccurate data in your SIS and acknowledge any warnings in the WISEdata Portal.
  8. Students in Jails & Juvenile Detention Centers: County jails and juvenile detention centers have schools within them that are operated by the local school district.  School districts should treat these schools as any other district-operated school (and report Discipline, Roster, Attendance, etc...).   For school districts that have students who are attending jail or detention schools outside of their district borders,  the LEA housing the school will do all the reporting.    The former resident school district should exit that student while the student is  residing at the jail or detention center.

  9. Removal by an IDEA Hearing Officer:  This is very rare. Instances in which an impartial IDEA hearing officer orders the removal of children with disabilities from their current educational placement to an appropriate interim alternative educational setting for not more than 45 days based on the hearing officer's determination that the public agency has demonstrated by substantial evidence that maintaining the child's current placement is substantially likely to result in injury to the child and youth, or others. 

    DPI is always aware when the impartial Hearing Officer is involved. 

    Whenever the IEP team is making decisions for IAES removal, the removal by school personnel flavor should be used.​

  10. One Student + One Discipline Action: This is the most common scenario for discipline. One student is the perpetrator in an incident. For this student, only one discipline action occurs that must be submitted to WISEdata. Recall that only a subset of discipline incident, discipline type, and behavior information should be submitted to DPI:
    1. All expulsions regardless of duration should be submitted.
    2. In-school suspensions and interim alternative setting placements (IAES setting disciplines should be submitted only for IDEA eligible students. These students must have an active student special education program association (sSEPA) which includes the discipline date.
    3. Suspensions (in and out-of-school) and IAES removals should be submitted only when the student is removed for at least half of the regular school day.
    • Via the API, the following should be submitted: one discipline incident resource, one student discipline incident association, and one discipline action.
  11. End of the Year Incident With Expulsion Next School Year: Expulsions are the only discipline actions which may occur in a school year later than the incident. For an incident near the end of the school year, a school board may not meet until after the end of the school year or the student may be suspended for the remaining days of the year. In these cases, the expulsion discipline date is in the next school year. As there are no days removed for the expulsion in the year of the incident, discipline length is zero. Actual discipline action length should be greater than zero, identifying the total number of school days for this student from the expulsion start date to end date. The API is school year based. Submit the incident, association, and action resources in the same school year as the incident.
    • Note, even though the expulsion begins in the next school year, no resources for the incident, association, or action are submitted next school year.
  12. Student With Multiple Incidents in a Single Day: As a suspension or IAES removal must be at least half of the student’s day and an expulsion requires a school board hearing, meeting the requirements to report two incidents on the same day is very unlikely. In most cases, only one incident is submitted.
    • Two Incidents Count: For example, Incident A occurs for an IDEA-eligible student who is removed from the classroom for more than half of a regular day by in-school suspension. For the same student a second Incident (B) occurs later in the day for which the student receives an out-of-school suspension for the remainder of that day and the next school day. For Incident A, submit one discipline incident resource, one student discipline incident association and, one discipline action resource of in-school suspension with length as one day. For Incident B, please submit one discipline incident resource, one student discipline incident association, and one Discipline action resource of out-of-school suspension with 1.5 day length.
    • Only One Incident Counts: Consider the example above where Incident A occurs for an IDEA-eligible student who is removed from the classroom for one period in the morning. This is an in-school suspension with less than a half day discipline length. For the same student a second Incident (B) occurs later in the morning. The student receives an out-of-school suspension for the rest of the day. For Incident A, NO information should be sent about incident A or the in-school suspension. For Incident B, submit one discipline incident resource and one student discipline incident association. The out-of-school suspension with 0.5 length should be submitted as a discipline action.
  13. One Student + One Suspension + One Expulsion: Often, an expulsion is preceded by an out-of-school suspension for the days the student is removed while awaiting the expulsion hearing. Both discipline actions must be associated with a single discipline incident. Consecutive removals (discipline actions) must not be combined. Via the API the following should be submitted: one discipline incident resource, one student discipline incident association resource, one Discipline Action with out-of-school suspension, and one Discipline Action with expulsion.
  14. One Student With Multiple Overlapping Incidents in a Single Day: Days of removal may be reported only once. If a student is removed simultaneously for two actions or two incidents, discipline length as reported to DPI must be truncated, as necessary. For example, a student receives an in-school suspension for the remaining ¾ of a school day. While in the in-school suspension, a second incident occurs for which the student receives an out-of-school suspension for the remaining half of the school day. The student served ¼ day of in-school suspension (not the ¾ originally ordered) and a half day of out-of-school suspension. In the case of Incident A, the first incident and the in-school suspension are not submitted to DPI. For Incident B, please submit one discipline incident resource, one student discipline incident association, and one Discipline Action of out-of-school suspension with 0.5 length.
  15. One Student + Multiple Discipline Actions with Overlapping Days of Removal: Consider a student who receives an out-of-school suspension for several weeks and a second out-of-school suspension for one week. The school decides to have the student serve the out-of-school suspensions concurrently for only three weeks total. In this case, the school must decide to either submit only the suspension of greater length or to reduce the suspension of greater length by one week for submission purposes.   
  16. One Student + One Expulsion With Early Reinstatement + One Removal for Later Violation: When a student has returned to the regular classroom prior to the end of the expulsion under early reinstatement conditions, any infraction which revokes the early reinstatement condition must be treated as additional days removed from the original expulsion. Length should be increased, as appropriate. Via the API the following should be submitted: one discipline incident resource, one student discipline incident association resource, and one Discipline Action with length increased, as appropriate. Actual discipline action length should not change. No new incident is reported.
  17. Expulsion Spanning Two+ School Years: When an expulsion start date is in year X and the end date is in year X+1 or later, actual discipline action length will be greater than discipline length. Consider a student removed for 13 days in the school year of the incident and the entire next school year (180 days). Length should be reported as 13, while actual discipline action length is 193. Via the API, the following should be submitted: one discipline incident resource, one student discipline incident association resource, one Discipline Action. All of these should be submitted in the school year of the incident. Actual discipline action length will be greater than discipline length.
  18. Multiple Students + One Incident:
    • Not All Students Receive Discipline Action: Only perpetrators with a reportable disciplinary action shall be submitted to WISEdata. For example, an incident occurs between two non-disabled students. One student (A) receives in-school suspension for two days, while the other student (B) receives two days of out-of-school suspension. Via the API, the following should be submitted: one discipline incident resource, one student discipline incident association for student B (Note, Student Discipline Incident Association should not be submitted for student A because in-school suspensions are collected only for students with disabilities.), and one discipline action for out-of-school suspension.  
    • Students Receive Different Discipline Actions: Reconsider the last example but for two IDEA-eligible students. One student (A) receives in-school suspension for two days, while the other student (B) receives two days of out-of-school suspension. Via the API, the following should be submitted: one discipline incident resource, one student discipline incident association for student A, one Discipline Action for in-school suspension for student A, one student discipline incident association for student B, and one Discipline action for out-of-school suspension for student B.
  19. Student Removed for More Than a Half Day:
    • Removed to Another Room in Same School: The student is removed from the regular classroom for more than a half day to another room in the same school. This is an in-school suspension and must be reported for all IDEA-eligible students.
      Note, this could happen at any grade level. Via the API, the following should be submitted: one discipline incident resource, one student discipline incident association, one Discipline Action should be submitted with in-school suspension.
    • Removed from School Grounds: The student is removed from the regular classroom for more than a half day to another site, a site off school grounds, or is sent home. This is an out-of-school suspension and must be reported for all students. Via the API, the following should be submitted: one discipline incident resource, one student discipline incident association, and one Discipline Action for out-of-school suspension.
  20. Student With Nonstandard Schedule: For students with nonstandard school schedules, counting of days removed for discipline purposes will be different from counting days for attendance purposes. Discipline uses the student’s regular day, not a ‘regular’ day in the district. Discipline length rounds up for removals over a half day. Review the data element summary for discipline length.
  21. Special Education Student Attending WSD, WCBVI, or a CCDEB: Discipline information will be submitted by the Wisconsin School for the Deaf, the Wisconsin Center for the Blind and Visually Impaired, the CCDEB following the scenarios listed previously. The FAPE-responsible school will be held accountable. 
  22. Non-Disabled Student + In-School Suspension: Discipline information for this student should not be submitted to WISEdata.
  23. IAES Removals: IAES Removals (IAES by School Personnel and IAES by Hearing Officer) are given only to disabled students; therefore, DPI should never receive IAES removals for students who are not disabled. Note, only submit out-of-school suspensions and expulsion data for non-disabled students.
  24. Special Education Student With an ISP (PPP Student): Discipline information for PPP students should not be submitted to WISEdata.
  25. Student Attending DOC or DHS School: Discipline information for this student should not be submitted to WISEdata.
  26. Student + One Summer School Suspension: Discipline information for this student should not be submitted to WISEdata. This student is removed zero days from the school year for a suspension, so no incident or action is submitted. Note, if the discipline action was an expulsion, then this incident-action pair would be submitted.
  27. Expulsion With Violation of Early Reinstatement Conditions: John Doe is temporarily expelled for drug possession for the remainder of grade 7 and all of grade 8, 214 regular class days. He is allowed to return later in the 7th grade year based on a set of early reinstatement conditions. One condition is that he is not allowed to attend any sporting events at the middle school or the high school. From expulsion date to early reinstatement date, John missed 8 days of regular classes. At this point the expulsion action has 8 days for discipline action length and 214 days for actual discipline action length. After being back in school he violates the early reinstatement condition and will not be allowed back until the beginning of grade 8. He is removed for an additional 17 days until the end of the 7th grade school year. Now the existing expulsion action has 25 days for discipline action length and 214 days for actual discipline action length.

  28. Temporary Expulsion With Early Reinstatement Conditions Followed by Permanent Expulsion: Jane Doe is involved in a weapon incident at the end of 10th grade. Following the expulsion hearing, there are no days removed in that same school year. She is temporarily expelled with early reinstatement conditions for the entire next school year of 11th grade. After meeting the conditions over the summer, she returns for 11th grade the next school year. In 11th grade, she is involved in another weapon incident which results in injury to a fellow student. The school board meets again and permanently expels. In this use case, Jane has 2 expulsions, one from the school year of grade 10 and the second the next school year. The first expulsion has discipline action length of 0 and actual discipline action length of 180. The second expulsion has discipline action length and actual discipline action length, both equal to 290 days. There are 2 expulsions in this case because there are 2 school board hearings. The actual length of the expulsion cannot be changed without a school board hearing. The ‘discipline action length’ reflects the number of days removed from the school year in which the incident occurred. For an expulsion only, this may be 0. The ‘discipline action length’ may change over the course of the school year.

  29. K4/PK Parent Removal of Child: In the event a parent removes a child from school, how you would report the removal varies depending on the conversation between the parent and the district. If the district initiated the removal conversation after a behavioral incident and did not make it expressly clear that they are NOT requesting the child be removed, it counts as a suspension. Otherwise, the parent's removal of the child would be reported as an absence.

  30. Expulsion with Services: If a student receives a discipline action of Expulsion with Services, the student may receive services in another school or in an alternate location supervised by the school who expelled the student. The student doesn't need to be in the school building to be considered as receiving services. 

    Expulsion with services is used even when services are offered but refused by the students. Services must be provided to IDEA-eligible students during expulsion. 

    In terms of WISEdata reporting, submit discipline incident, student discipline incident association, and discipline action. Because services continue to be provided to the student, the student will remain enrolled with no need to exit at the time of expulsion. You will continue documenting attendance, as well as other WISEdata data elements. All normal data reporting to WISEdata is expected.

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