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Non-Traditional Students

Non-Traditional Students Table of Contents

Foreign Exchange Students

Definition: Student who comes from a foreign country (outside the U.S. or Puerto Rico) to attend classes in a U.S. school for a specified period of time

Data Element Information: Data is reported to WISEdata by the LEA. Foreign exchange students attending school in your school district have enrollment and exit dates in WISEdata just like other students.

Visa Type must be provided. Schools should ask to see the visa or for the visa type, but they cannot require to see the visa. If the visa type remains unknown, then an F-type visa must be reported. View the Visa Type data element page for more information on visas.

Foreign exchange students with exit dates must also have Exit Types. The most common exit types used for exited foreign exchange students are: TOS, INM, HSC. J-1 students generally do not receive high school diplomas from U.S. high schools, so they generally do not have HSC Exit Types. If you have proof of transfer, you can use TOS. If the student will not be continuing schooling back in his or her home country, use the INM exit code.

Most, if not all, foreign exchange students will meet the requirements for the Immigrant Title III data element.

Helpful Details/Use Cases: Any such student participating in a foreign exchange program is treated the same as other students for WISEdata purposes. Visa type will be used to determine whether or not the student is eligible for removal from the graduation cohort. At the end of the four-year time frame, adjustments are made to remove any non-graduates from the cohort if the most recent school/district confirms in writing that the students transferred out, emigrated to another country, or are deceased prior to the end of the four-year time frame. See the DPI Graduation Extended Calculations page for more information on cohort calculation. 

DPI does not sponsor visas for foreign exchange students. Visas are obtained at a federal level after a school achieves sponsor status through a foreign exchange entity.

Membership/Financial Implication: A school board may permit a foreign exchange student to attend school in the school district without payment of tuition pursuant to s. 121.84(1)(c). The district of attendance, which may or may not be the district where the foreign exchange student temporarily resides, should also count the student on the PI-1563 pupil membership count report.

Migrant Students

Definition: Student who is, or whose parent/guardian is, a migratory fisher, dairy worker, or agricultural worker, AND who in the preceding 36 months has moved from one school district to another in order for the worker to obtain temporary or seasonal employment in agricultural or fishing work

Data Element Information: Migrant Status is required for all WISEdata collection records for all grades. If the student has a confirmed migrant status, you should submit this information to WISEdata. Submitted migrant information will mark the student with a Yes value for Migrant Status in the Student Details of WISEdata. Elements are all stored at the student level and shared across districts. These will be the values as of the snapshot.

Helpful Details/Use Cases: A Certificate of Eligibility (COE) must be on file in the district verifying the student's eligibility. To confirm migrant status or verify a Certificate of Eligibility (COE), please contact the Wisconsin Migrant Education Program staff at (608) 266-9629.

Membership/Financial Implication: It is the responsibility of the school district to determine if a student is a resident of the school district. Each resident student who attends public school will be counted in the same manner, using the PI-1563 Pupil Count process.

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    Immigrant Students Under Title III

    Definition: Immigrant (Title III) is an indication of whether or not a student qualifies as an immigrant. A student will qualify as an immigrant under the definition specified by ESSA:

    • Aged 3-21 as of the Third Friday of September
    • Not born in the U.S. or Puerto Rico
    • In U.S. schools for less than three full academic years, whether consecutive or not.

    Data Element Information: If the student has a confirmed immigrant status, you should submit this information to WISEdata. Submitted immigrant information will mark the student with a Yes value for Immigrant (T3) Status in the Student Details of WISEdata. Elements are all stored at the student level and shared across districts. Native Language code will also be required for those marked with immigrant status (unless PPP, DOC, DHS).

    Helpful Details/Use Cases: Note that “State” is defined in Section 3201(13) of the ESEA to include the 50 States, the District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico. Therefore, students born in Puerto Rico may not be included as “immigrant” students under Title III. Finally, note that the term “immigrant” as used in Title III is not related to an individual's legal status in the United States. It is also worth noting that not all immigrants may be English language learners.

    Membership/Financial Implication: It is the responsibility of the school district to determine if a student is a resident of the school district. Each resident student who attends public school will be counted in the same manner, using the PI-1563 Pupil Count process.

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    Home-based Private Education Program Students

    Definition: Student whose educational instruction is provided by the child's parent or guardian or by a person designated by the parent or guardian

    Data Element Information: If the student previously attended a public school, the public school should input an Exit date with an Exit Type of TNC.

    Helpful Details/Use Cases: The Wisconsin school district needs to verify that the child has registered in HOMER for a Home-based Private Education Program. Parents must register their child in HOMER, the Home-based Private Education Program application, by October 15 each year. Schools can record absences until the HOMER registration is complete, but do not consider the child truant until the deadline has passed. After October 15, if the student is not attending school and has not yet registered in HOMER, then the student can be marked truant.

    Home-based Private Education Program students may take up to two classes per semester in any public school, but they will not be submitted to WISEid/WISEdata. Allowing them to attend for one or two classes does not make your school/district accountable.

    Out-of-State Virtual School: A student who has been accepted to an online school in another state but resides in your district will submit the PI-1206 Home-based Private Education Program Enrollment Report form. Because the child is participating in a Home-based Private Education Program, the public school should exit the student from the school with TNC as the appropriate exit type. Wisconsin Statute 115.30(3) requires the child's parent or guardian to file the online PI-1206 Home-based Private Education Program enrollment report by Oct. 15.

    Membership/Financial Implication:

    Less than Full-Time Enrollment

    Student is a resident and meets at least one of the following criteria:

    • Student attends any grade in a public school in the district under s. 118.53 and is eligible for state aid up to a maximum of two courses per pupil per semester.
    • Student attends high school in the district under s. 118.145(4) and is eligible for state aid up to a maximum of two courses per pupil per semester.
    • Student attends the district less than full-time as defined by s. 118.15(1). Private school students who attend grades other than high school are included in this area.

    Source: https://dpi.wi.gov/sfs/children/enrollment/pi-1563-program-def

     

    Three Categories:

    Part-Time Home-based Private Education, Resident Pupils

    Part-Time Private/Tribal School, Resident Pupils

    Part-Time Home-based Private Education, Non-Resident Pupils

    Pupil Count Source 

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    Expelled Students Receiving Services

    Definition: Student who is no longer allowed to attend classes in a traditional classroom because of a school board-authorized expulsion but is still provided with educational services

    Data Element Information: If a student is expelled but still receiving district-supervised services off school grounds, then you must maintain attendance records for this student.

    For students still receiving services, all expelled days generally still count as Possible Days of Attendance with known exceptions if the student moves to a new school or the school calendar’s Possible Days of Attendance changes. For Days of Actual Attendance, you would submit a zero (0) for all days the student is absent.

    Helpful Details/Use Cases: The general guidelines for WISEdata submissions are to include students who were expelled but who continue to receive educational services from your district, even if they are not in a school building. Just receiving homework does not mean receiving services.

    If students were serving a period of temporary expulsion, but were not receiving educational services, you should exit them. You do not need to maintain enrollment for students who were expelled and who are NOT currently receiving educational services. You should exit these students from WISEdata.

    Expelled Students with IEPs: If the currently expelled student is a child with an IEP, the resident district continues to have FAPE responsibility. Under federal and state law, LEAs must locate, identify, evaluate, and provide a free appropriate public education to all children with disabilities, including children who have been expelled from school. A school district cannot refuse an IEP team evaluation or refuse to provide a free appropriate public education to a child with an IEP who has been expelled from another school district. However, the school board may provide the services to the child in a setting other than one of the district's schools, as determined by the IEP team. Dependent on a new placement decision, there could be a new IEP and new IEP start date.

    Membership/Financial Implication: A district may count a non-disabled expelled student for membership purposes if the district is providing educational services by a certified teacher/program. Increasing membership on the Third Friday in the September Pupil Count Report impacts state aids and revenue limits positively, which also increases the dollars which the district can use for educational programming. However, the district must have the pupil(s) in a program on or before the count date. Therefore, students served through a regular or alternate setting within the district, enrolled in another district through a tuition agreement, a Youth Options program, or through a contract under s. 118.15, Wis. Stats., may all be included in the Pupil Count Report, which uses the pupil count data for membership to calculate state aids and revenue limits.

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    Pupil Services-Discipline Suspension & Expulsion

    Homebound Students

    Definition: Student who is “temporarily not in proper physical or mental condition to attend a school program but who can be expected to return to a school program upon termination or abatement of the illness or condition”

    Data Element Information: If a student is unable to receive educational services, then the district may decide if it will exit the student or maintain the enrollment and continue to mark the student as absent for the entirety of the homebound stay.

    • If the student is homebound and not exited by the district, that student should have an enrollment record and should have data submitted just as for traditional students.

    • If the student is homebound during the school year but fully intends to return the following school year, the district can choose to keep the student enrolled and use receiving services value of N, not receiving services, and 0 (zero) for attendance submission.

    • If the district decides to exit the student rather than keep him or her enrolled as homebound, it should include an exit date and an Exit Type of ODO.

    • If the student exits but then returns during the same school year, change the Exit Type to TC.

    Helpful Details/Use Cases: There is no law that specifically requires a school district to provide homebound instruction to a student who is unable to attend school. The district is required to consider the request and respond accordingly. According to state statute, the local school board must render its decision, in writing, within 90 days of the request. However, if the child has been evaluated for special education but was not found to be eligible for special education, then the school board must provide a written decision to the request within 30 days.

    Homebound students cannot be found truant or habitually truant. The school may request a statement to this effect from a physician, dentist, chiropractor, optometrist, psychologist, or Christian Science practitioner as sufficient proof of the condition of the child. Homebound instruction, when it is provided, is provided by the school district of residence.

    Reporting Elective Courses for Which Homebound Students Do Not Receive At-home Services: It is ultimately at the discretion of the district to come up with their own policy to address this situation within their schools.

    A homebound stay is an option for a student with an IEP as determined by the IEP team.

    Membership/Financial Implication: A district may count a homebound student for membership purposes if the district is providing educational services by a certified teacher/program to homebound students. Increasing membership on the Third Friday of September Pupil Count Report impacts state aids and revenue limits positively, which provides additional dollars to the district for the use of educational programming. However, the district must have the pupils in a program on or before the count date. Therefore, each homebound student served through a regular or alternate setting within the district, enrolled in another district through a tuition agreement, a Youth Options program, or through a contract under s. 118.15, Wis. Stats., may all be included in the Pupil Count Report, which uses the pupil count data for membership to calculate state aids and revenue limits.

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    Special Education Topic: Homebound

    Out-of-State Students

    Definition: Student who lives in a state other than Wisconsin, such as a bordering state, like Minnesota, but who attends courses in a Wisconsin public school as determined by IEP placement.

    Data Element Information: Submit the District of Accountability as the school/district where the student attends. Resident District is based on where the student typically sleeps at night. If the resident district is not the district submitting to WISEdata for that student, then the submitting district will need to submit the code for the resident district.

    Helpful Details/Use Cases: Children who live in a state other than Wisconsin, such as one bordering Wisconsin, but who come to a Wisconsin school are not considered residents of the state; however, the Wisconsin school/district where the student attends will be reported as accountable for the student.

    Students on Extended Leave

    Definition: Student who attends a WI school but leaves the school/district for an extended leave of absence

    Data Element Information: Determination of whether the student should remain enrolled or be exited is a local decision. When exiting the student, if you do not receive a records request from the new school in the new city, state, or country, you can use the Not Known to Be Continuing exit type. Once the student returns to your district, you will be able to validly use TC for the exit code.

    Helpful Details/Use Cases: Even if the student is still receiving homework, that doesn't mean the student is enrolled and attending. However, our data collections are flexible enough to allow a district, in many cases, to report required data and meet local requirements and constraints.

    Regarding a student on extended leave, there is no single solution which will account for all scenarios. For example, if the extended leave is because the student is spending a semester abroad as a foreign exchange student or the student will be in a county detention facility for several weeks, then your district must comply with guidance from the Thayer ruling, https://dpi.wi.gov/open-enrollment/funding/tuition-waivers#residency.

    For an extended leave, which is not defined by DPI, a district must use best judgment to determine what enrollment and attendance is reported. Such students are not likely to have coursework, discipline, or high school completion. Consider whether the leave should negatively impact the students attendance rate and whether the leave, if greater than 30 days, should reset the student as not FAY.

    Excused absences count against a district with the school report card even if a student is on an extended absence due to vacation or return to their home country. DPI doesn't differentiate between excused and unexcused absences. This would lower the student’s attendance rate.

    Membership/Financial Implication: A student on an extended leave from a Wisconsin public school district is not entitled to a public education or to be included in the PI-1563 Pupil Count, for their educational services are at the cost of the state and local property tax levy and are not a current resident.

    Safe at Home Students

    Definition: Student participating in the Safe at Home Program.

    Data Element Information: Use of a Safe at Home assigned address will not impact any data collection done by the Wisconsin Department of Public Instruction. Districts should provide information for students participating in Safe at Home the same way they do for other students. As for FERPA and privacy, parents are given the opportunity to “Opt out” of directory data disclosure. The School is required to update its records so that home address is the “Assigned Address” and should be reported as such to DPI. Enrollment eligibility is confirmed by Safe at Home program staff, via an Enrollment Eligibility form.

    The definition of “Actual Address” includes the residential street address, as well as the school address for the student. 

    If a student has left your district, make every attempt to protect the currently attending school district and school from disclosure. Staff should be trained and reminded frequently that student information available in the WISE system must not be disclosed in any way to third parties.

    Helpful Details/Use Cases: If you are informed that a student is participating in the Safe at Home Program, the number one goal is to protect the student's location. You must protect the student's specific address and broad whereabouts, such as resident school, city, and county.

    The Safe at Home law says in 165.68(5)(b) No state or local agency or unit of government may refuse to use a program participant's assigned address for any official business, unless a specific statutory duty requires the agency or unit of government to use the participant's actual address. A state or local agency or unit of government may confirm with the department a person's status as a program participant.

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