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Independent (2r or 2x) Charter Schools

What is an Independent Charter School?

Independent charter schools, sometimes referred to as 2r or 2x charter schools, are charter schools that are not authorized by a public school district. Each of the following have authority to authorize a charter school in Wisconsin:

The common council of the city of Milwaukee
The chancellor of any institution in the University of Wisconsin System
Each technical college district board
Waukesha County Executive
College of Menominee Nation
Lac Courte Orielles Ojibwa Community College
UW- System Office of Educational Opportunity 

The terms "2r" or "2x" refer to the section of the charter school law within s. 118.40 that grants these entities authority to authorize charter schools. Independent charter schools may also be referred to as legacy or new independent charter schools. Legacy schools are schools chartered by authorizers who had the authority prior to 2015 Act 55 (UW-Milwaukee, the City of Milwaukee, and UW-Parkside), and new independent charter schools are those chartered by an authorizer who received authority to authorize in or after 2015 Act 55 (Waukesha County Executive, College of Menominee Nation, Lac Courte Oreilles Ojibwa Community College, Office of Educational Opportunity, any UW Chancellor (other than UW-Milwaukee and UW-Parkside), and any technical college district board (except MATC).

Under Wis. Stat. § 118.40(4)(ag), no more than a minority of the governing board's members may be employees of the charter school or employees or officers of the school district in which the charter school is located”. Therefore, no more than a minority of the governing board could be filled by employees or officers of the school district they are physically located in.

For more in-depth information on independent charter schools see: Wisconsin Legislature Chapter 118.40 quick reference or Wis. Stats. Chapter 118.40(2r) and (2x).

Authorizer Requirements: 

All independent authorizers shall notify the state superintendent of their intention to establish a charter school by February 1 of the school year preceding the opening of the charter school. State law prohibits independent authorizers from authorizing a virtual charter school.  Independent authorizers and limits, if any, on school location and pupil residency are listed below:

Independent Charter School (ICS) Authorizers

School Location

Pupil  Residency

Number of Charter Schools

Legacy ICS Authorizers:

 

 

 

City of Milwaukee (2r)

Statewide

Statewide

Unlimited

UW-Milwaukee (2r)

Statewide

Statewide

Unlimited

UW-Parkside (2r)

Statewide

Statewide

Unlimited

Milwaukee Area Technical College (MATC) (2r)

Statewide

Statewide

Unlimited

New ICS Authorizers
(2015 Wis. Act 55 and 2017 Wis. Act 59):

 

 

 

Waukesha County Executive (2r)

Waukesha County

Statewide

Unlimited

College of Menominee Nation (2r)

Statewide

Statewide

No more than six schools between these two authorizers

Lac Courte Oreilles Ojibwa Community College (2r)

Statewide

Statewide

Office of Educational Opportunity (OEO UW System) (2x)

 

    Recovery Charter School*

      

Statewide

 

Statewide

Statewide

 

Statewide

Unlimited

 

One school with no more than 15 students

Any UW Chancellor (other than UW-Milwaukee
and UW-Parkside) (2r)*

Statewide

Statewide

Unlimited

Any Technical College District Board (except MATC) (2r)* (Gateway Technical College District Board added in 2015 Wis. Act 55)

Statewide

Statewide

Unlimited

*New in 2018-19

Independent Charter School Audit Information 

Independent Charter School Membership Information

 

List of Independent Charter Schools

2019-20 2018-2019 2017-2018

Independent Charter Schools Program Calendar

2019-20 2018-19 2017-18