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MADISON — The Wisconsin Department of Public Instruction today posted state general school aids that school districts will receive during the current school year. The information published includes certified general school aid amounts for each school district, as well as 2022-23 student enrollment numbers for independent charter schools and private schools participating in state parental choice programs. The enrollment numbers are used to determine the dollar amounts to be deducted or withheld from school districts' aid payments to fund state parental choice programs.
General school aids are the largest form of state support for PK-12 schools in Wisconsin and are based on prior year data. Private school choice and independent charter school programs are funded based on current year data.
The department is required by state law to release the certified aid figures by Oct. 15 of each year. The general school aid amounts for school districts are calculated using student counts and year-end financial data from the previous school year (2021-22). This finalized data replaces preliminary aid estimates released in July.
Independent charter and private school choice enrollment counts come from schools' reporting of the number of students enrolled on the third Friday of September 2022.
General school aids
The 2021-2023 state biennial budget increased funding for general school aids for the 2022-23 school year by 3.75 percent ($188 million) to a total of $5.2 billion, which will go toward offsetting local property taxes. Statewide, the majority of general school aids is equalization aid. Equalization aid is distributed according to a formula designed to help Wisconsin communities provide public education despite local differences in property wealth. The formula considers school district expenditures, property values, and resident student counts (called “membership”). The other, smaller elements of general school aids are integration aid (or “Chapter 220" aid) and special adjustment aid. The latter, also known as “hold harmless” aid, generally prevents districts from seeing more than a 15 percent reduction in aid from one year to the next and will go to 48 districts this year.
Aid varies widely by district based on the equalization formula. Of 421 districts, 295 will receive more aid than last year (70 percent); 121 will receive less (29 percent). Aid amounts for each school district can be found on the department's School Financial Services website, both alphabetically and by percent change. General school aids are paid in four installments during the school year.
By law, two kinds of reductions are made to general school aids to support private school choice and independent charter programs. Funding for the Milwaukee Parental Choice Program is deducted before school district aid eligibilities are certified. New independent charter schools and the expanded private school choice programs involve withholding aid from districts for participating resident students, resulting in a difference between aid eligibility announced today and actual aid payments to be made this year. Shown in the table below are the 2022-23 reductions to state general school aids:
2022-23 Reductions to State General School Aids
|New Independent Charter Schools||84 Districts||Withheld||$19.0 million|
|Wisconsin Parental choice Program||338 Districts||Withheld||$139.5 million|
|Milwaukee Parental Choice Program||Milwaukee||Deducted||$15.4 million|
|Racine Parental Choice Program||Racine||Withheld||$28.9 million|
|Special Needs Scholarship Program||175 Districts||Withheld||$27.7 million|
Private school choice program and independent charter enrollments
Enrollment in Wisconsin's private school choice programs increased by 3,295 students and 16 schools over last school year (see table below). Voucher payments and independent charter payments are made to participating schools in four annual installments.
|Program||Students||Schools*||Total Cost (2022-23)**|
|Milwaukee Parental Choice Program||28,958||129||$240.9 million|
|Wisconsin Parental Choice Program||17,079||314||$141.7 million|
|Racine Parental Choice Program||3,935||31||$33.0 million|
|Special Needs Scholarship Program||2,217||162||$27.8 million|
|All Private School Choice Programs||52,189||373 ***||$443.4 million|
|Legacy Independent Charter Schools||9,043||23||$81.3 million|
|New Independent Charter Schools||2,107||12||$19.0 million|
|Both Independent Charter Programs||11,150||35||$100.3 million|
*Private school systems are counted as a single school for all programs except the Special Needs Scholarship Program, in which individual schools are counted separately.
**Differences between total program cost and total program aid deductions are funded with state general purpose revenue.
***Schools may participate in multiple parental choice programs.
Note: Data on the Wisconsin, Racine, and Milwaukee Parental Choice Programs can be found on the DPI’s Choice Program webpage. Data on the Special Needs Scholarship Program can be found on the DPI’s SNSP webpage. Data on the Independent Charter Programs can be found on the DPI’s ICS Programs webpage.