Sex Type in WISEdata, known as Gender in WISEid and WISEdash, shall be submitted as Male or Female.
EDFacts reporting states biological sex should be used for gender identification. EDFacts defines gender as "the concept describing the biological traits that distinguish the males and females of a species."
USES: Gender codes are used for a wide range of public reporting and accountability purposes. Gender codes are also used in the match review process. DPI collects what is required for federal reporting and does not plan to expand collection options beyond Male and Female unless the federal law requires it.
FAQs, Details, and Points to Note
- Transgender Students: For transgender students, the reporting of gender to DPI should follow policy set by the local school board. If no policy is in place, consider the federal definition for EDFacts reporting which states that biological sex should be used for gender identification. EDFacts defines gender as "the concept describing the biological traits that distinguish the males and females of a species." View the list of the 2017-18 EdFacts data definitions.
- The decision on how to document transgender students is a decision that each school district must make, considering that this is a sensitive issue for the student and the family involved. Keep in mind that gender identification can be fluid, meaning that transgender students may decide to change how they identify, much like race/ethnicity can change if the student or family reports it as so.
- WISEid has fields that state First Name and Last Name. Other Names may be documented in WISEid to report an additional name, such as a newly selected name that differs from the birth name. You could document in this way, maintaining the birth name traditionally and reporting the new name in the Other Name field. However, depending on the decision your school district makes, a transgender student could originally be documented by creating a WISEid reflecting the student's birth name and gender, but then once the WISEid has been created, the name and gender could be changed to reflect the new name and/or gender with which the student chooses to identify. When the changes have been saved, the original student information should be saved under the Other Name field, so that information is recorded. Again, the choice would be your school district's decision to make, but these are two possible ways to consider documenting transgender students.