Three Models of Service Delivery
A comprehensive school mental health system melds a system of care approach with a multilevel system of supports by using one of three models of service delivery. In all models, the school-family-community team focuses on building the capacity of all educators to promote mental health and the competencies of pupil services providers to provide interventions to students with mental health challenges; fosters collaborative relationships with community providers; and builds relationships for improved co-planning with students and families.
Model 1: Mental Health Services Delivered by Pupil Services Providers with Referral to Community-Based Providers.
The continuum of mental health services for students are supported by school-employed mental health providers (pupil services) as part of the district’s service delivery model. Universal and selected mental health services are designed and implemented by school staff. Children with acute or chronic mental health needs are referred for community-based services. In this model, schools map community-based resources and explore collaborative partnerships.
Model 2: Pupil Services Providers with Community Mental and Behavioral Health Providers Co-Located in Schools.
Public or private mental health clinics or providers may, through a mutual agreement with a district, locate a clinic within a school and provide direct mental health services to students utilizing a county- or clinic-employed mental health provider licensed by the Department of Safety and Professional Services, billing families usually through Medicaid, private insurance, or self-pay. The remaining continuum of mental health services for students, particularly at universal and selected levels, are provided by school-employed mental health providers (pupil services) as part of the district’s continuum of services. In this model, schools work to find ways to promote equal access for students to community mental health services co-located in schools to allow for collaboration and coordination of services by the community provider, school personnel, and families.
- Technical Guide for Agreements with Community Mental Health Providers Co-Located in Schools
Mental health issues are a concern in schools across the nation. With one in five students dealing with a mental health issue, the Wisconsin Department of Public Instruction strives to provide guidance for schools collaborating with community behavioral health partners proposing to offer direct mental health services to youth within the hours of the school day or on school grounds. The purpose of this document is to provide districts with guidance for Model 2: Community Mental and Behavioral Health Providers Co-Located in Schools. This document will be under continuous revision and additional elements will be added as they are developed.
Model 3: Community Mental Health Service Providers as Full Collaborative Partners with Pupil Services Providers.
Public or private community mental/behavioral health providers may provide traditional direct therapy services in the school or a community clinic, paid by a third party, such as insurance or a community fund. Indirect services such as consultation with adults regarding classroom-wide or schoolwide practices, as well as professional development, may also be provided, and in some cases supported by school funds.