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WI Adopted ASCA National Model

The Wisconsin Adopted ASCA National Model

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In 2003, The American School Counselor Association (ASCA) published its model for school counseling programs. The ASCA Model is in its fourth revision, with the most recent revision in 2019. The ASCA Mindsets and Behaviors student competencies were updated in the summer of 2020. The Model includes four components, which are Define, Manage, Deliver, and Assess. In addition, the ASCA Model incorporates the four themes of leadership, advocacy, collaboration, and systemic change to evidence how critical it is for school counselors to work in these areas to maximize the program’s impact on student achievement and student behavior.

Why a Comprehensive School Counseling Model Program?

The ultimate goal of a comprehensive school counseling program is student success. The program's design, delivery, and content are dedicated to enhancing the ability of all students to fully utilize the educational opportunities available to them. The PreK-12 program is delivered through direct and indirect services designed to address three domains of student development: academic, personal/social, and career.

Comprehensive school counseling programs are integral to the school's educational environment and partner with other academic and behavioral initiatives to effect positive changes in student achievement and behavior. Professional school counselors plan the comprehensive school counseling program, facilitating and implementing its delivery in collaboration with school administrators, other professional educators, and community members to produce measurable results. In a comprehensive program, the school counselor serves as a leader, advocate, and collaborator working to recognize and remove systemic barriers to student success. Resulting positive changes include increased student achievement, an improved graduation rate, better attendance, reduced disciplinary referrals, completed individual learning plans, and increased student participation in the community.

Culturally Sustaining School Counseling Programs


The ASCA National Model promotes the development and implementation of culturally sustaining school counseling programs that:

  • are based on data-informed decision making,
  • are delivered to all students systematically,
  • include a developmentally appropriate curriculum focused on the mindsets and behaviors all students need for postsecondary readiness and success,
  • close achievement and opportunity gaps,
  • and result in improved student achievement, attendance and discipline.

The Four Components of the ASCA National Model


The school counseling profession is defined by three sets of standards and they form the foundation and guide the development, implementation, and evaluation of a comprehensive, culturally sustaining school counseling program .

Student Standards

Professional Standards


Implementation of an impactful, comprehensive, culturally sustaining school counseling program requires efficient and effective management. The manage component includes program focus and program planning with accompanying organizational tools and assessments.

The program focus includes:

  • Beliefs
  • Vision statement
  • Mission statement

The program planning tools include:

  • School Data Summary
  • Annual Student Outcome Goals
  • Action Plans (Classroom and Group)
  • Lesson Plans
  • Annual Administrative Conference
  • Use of Time
  • Calendars (Annual and Weekly)
  • Advisory Council

The delivery system includes the activities, services, and interactions in which counselors work to deliver a comprehensive, culturally sustaining, and developmentally appropriate school counseling program. Direct and indirect services foster academic, social-emotional, and career development, thereby impacting educational success and college and career readiness.

Direct Services - Working directly with students

  • Instruction
  • Individual and small group counseling
  • Appraisal and Advisement

Indirect Services - Working on behalf of students

  • Consultation
  • Collaboration
  • Referral

The key question, how are students different as a result of the school counseling program?, is answered. School counselors determine the effectiveness of the comprehensive school counseling program by measuring results, and use that information to inform program improvement. By collecting data, especially around changes in students’ knowledge, skills, and dispositions, the school counselor can evaluate the program’s impact on student achievement, graduation rates, attendance, disciplinary referrals, and other student and system outcomes.

School counselors also self-assess based on their professional standards and participate in an annual performance appraisal process with the administrator to inform their learning and continue their growth.

School Counseling Program Assessment Tools

  • School Counseling Program Assessment
  • Annual Results Report
  • Classroom/Group, Mindsets & Behaviors Results Reports
  • Closing-the-Gap Reports

Professional Appraisal Tools

  • ASCA School Counselor Professional Standards & Competencies Assessment
  • School Counselor Performance Appraisal Template


If you would like to order a copy of The ASCA National Model: A Framework for School Counseling Programs (Copyright 2003; ISBN 1-929289-02-2), contact the American School Counseling Association, (800) 306-4722, or

For questions about this information, contact (608) 266-8960